Open Access is the free, immediate, online accessibility of research articles paired with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment. Open Access guarantees that anyone can access and use these results to turn ideas into industries and improvements of lives.
The Budapest statement defined open access as follows:
There are many degrees and kinds of wider and easier access to this literature. By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.
(Budapest Open Access Initiative, accessed on 20/11/2017 http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read)
- Open Access publications belong to the kinds of literatures that are freely accessible to everyone and are not bound by the barriers like price and permission, unlike the literature published via the subscription mode.
- However, the idea of Open Access publication is not solely new and has been around for many years; people have begun to realize its value recently. The sudden change in perceptions is mainly due to the increased and easy Internet usage as well as support from academic and research institutions, government, and other funding agencies.
- Unrestricted access to relevant scientific data and scholarly literature is required in the development of science and expansion of knowledge. However, obstructions in terms of copyright and licensing issues tend to slow down the affectivity of scientific communication. While such first-hand literature is almost completely inaccessible to the less funded universities and educational institutions, even the scholars of universities situated in developed countries face problems to access some of the specialized literature because of expensive subscription requirements. Therefore, it is necessary to bring about a total transformation in the accessibility of scholarly and scientific literature to function productively in this fast-changing technical surroundings.
- Contrary to the issues of the subscription journals, Open Access journals offer easy access to any published literature through freely available digitalized copies. The full text of Open Access publications can be freely read via the Internet. Besides free reading, Open Access publications/articles are also allowed to be downloaded and re-used without any barriers.
- Although the benefits of Open Access are quite apparent, the controversy over the quality and peer-review process in Open Access journals is an ongoing debate. Many prominent scientists are sceptical about the quality of the content published in Open Access journals owing to the belief that there is no rigorous peer-review process. Contrary to these widespread misconceptions, Open Access Publications are rigorously peer reviewed and adhere to strict norms of acceptance for publication.
This website provides immediate open access to its content on the principle of making research data freely available to the public, supporting a greater global exchange of knowledge. Open Access journals not only give to free literature, but also reduce costs for paper-copy production, physical storage, and distribution through digitalized copies. In open access, publishing a journal article is made available free for all on the web by the publisher at the time of publication.